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South Africa : History & Chronology
Prepare your travel to South Africa
I.Chronology of South africa
to - 40 000 - 25 000 years: The oldest known inhabitants have developed the culture of the Bushmen, hunter-gatherers who have left their mark as the cave paintings.
1497: Discovery of Natal by Vasco da Gama.
1700: The first Bantu reach the Vaal River.
1795: First British occupation which prevent the revolutionary France to seize the colony.
1835: The abolition of slavery.
1855: Foundation of Pretoria by the Boers. It became the capital of the Transvaal in 1860.
1879: Anglo-Zulu War, British defeat at Isandhlwana.
1922: Revolt of the worker Witwatersrand.
1928: L, 'Afrikaans language and becomes the country adopts a flag and an anthem.
1931: Monetary and Financial Crisis. Voting rights granted to women (white).
1939: Hertzog is defeated in parliament. Marshal Jan Smuts succeeded him and urges South Africa in the Second World War alongside the Allies.
1944: Founding of the youth league of the ANC Nelson Mandela.
1948: National Party wins general elections, government composed exclusively of Afrikaners.
1949: Act on the prohibition of mixed marriages.
1950: Act criminalizing sexual relations between white and nonwhite.
1952: Act on the internal passport.
1959: Foundation of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) by ANC dissidents.
1960: Referendum on November 2 on the establishment of the republic (validated to 52% of the vote).
1961: Founding of the Republic of South Africa. Withdrawal of the Commonwealth. Beginning of the armed struggle of the ANC.
1963: Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment for terrorism and other ANC leaders, imprisoned or exiled.
1974: Exclusion of the UN General Assembly.
1975: Independence of Angola and Mozambique.
1976: Riots in the township of Soweto against Afrikaans as the compulsory education.
1977: Murder by the police of Steve Biko, leader of Black Consciousness.
1984: New constitution. Growth of Parliament tricameral open to Indians and Metis, approved by referendum.
1985: Revolt of the townships.
1988: Cease fire in Angola. Withdrawal of troops from South Africa and Cuba.
1990: Release of Nelson Mandela.
1991: Formal abolition of apartheid.
1992: Referendum in which 68% of whites approve of the constitutional negotiations with the ANC.
1994: Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa.
1999: Thabo Mbeki became the second black president of South Africa.
2001: World Conference against Racism organized by the UN.
2004: Victory for the first time the ANC in the nine provinces.
Source : 2008